The use of crystalloids in traumatic brain injury

Autor: Wojciech Dąbrowski, Tom Woodcock, Ziemowit Rzecki, Manu L.N.G. Malbrain
Data publikacji: 20 Lipca 2018

Fluid therapy is one of the most important treatments in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as both hypo- and hypervolemia can cause harm. The main goals of fluid therapy for patients with TBI are to optimize cerebral perfusion and to maintain adequate cerebral oxygenation. The avoidance of cerebral oedema is clearly essential. The current weight of evidence in the published literature suggests that albumin therapy is harmful and plasma substitutes have failed to demonstrate superiority to crystalloids solutions. Crystalloids are the most popular fluids administered in patients with TBI. However, differences in their composition may affect coagulation and plasma tonicity and acid-base homeostasis. The choice of the ideal crystalloid fluid in TBI should be made based on tonicity, type of buffer used and volume status. Hypotonic fluids buffered with substances altering blood coagulation should be avoided in clinical practice. The prescriber remains faced with choices about the tonicity and pH buffering capability of fluid therapy, which we review here.

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2018;50(2):150-159.